By Dennis Upper and Joseph R. Cautela (Eds.)
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Additional resources for Covert Conditioning
1965, 3, 253-258. Thorpe, J. , & Castell, D. A comparison of positive and negative (aversive) conditioning in the treatment of homosexuality. Behav. Res. , 1963, 1, 357-362. Wolpe, J. Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition. Stanford: Stanford Univer. Press, 1958. Chapter 4 Experimental Control of Sexual Deviation Through Manipulation of the Noxious Scene in Covert Sensitization t David H. Barlow, Harold Leitenberg, and W . Stewart Agras Summary — Pedophilic behavior in one S and homosexual behavior in another S were de creased, increased, and once again decreased by introducing, removing, and reintroducing the noxious scene in covert sensitization, a form of aversion therapy.
History of homosexual experiences averaging about three contacts per week, usually in public toilets. He recently had fallen in love with a ''boyfriend," which was Experimental Control 45 threatening his marriage and which motivated him to seek treatment. Sexual relations with his wife, although prevalent early in the marriage, had been virtually nonexistent for the previous 3 yrs. Measures A hierarchy of sexually arousing scenes was constructed. ForSi the hierarchy contained 45 scenes involving small girls.
Agras, Leitenberg, & Barlow, 1968; Leitenberg, Agras, Thomson, & Wright, 1968; Wolf, Birnbrauer, Williams, & Lawler, 1965). In this experiment the aversion therapy studied was covert sensitization (Cautela, 1966). In this procedure, descriptions of extremely noxious scenes are paired with scenes of the undesired behavior. Uncontrolled case studies suggest that covert sensitization may modify sexual deviation. Cautela (1967) treated two homosexuals with this method resulting in reports by the patients of decreases in homosexual behavior, while Davison (1968) treated a case of long-standing sadistic fantasies with a combination of covert sensitization and positive conditioning to heterosexual stimuli and achieved a remission.