By Dennis Upper and Joseph R. Cautela (Eds.)

Show description

Read or Download Covert Conditioning PDF

Best cognitive books

The Developing Genome: An Introduction to Behavioral Epigenetics

Why can we develop as much as glance, act, and suppose as we do? via lots of the 20th century, scientists and laypeople responded this query by way of pertaining to elements by myself: our reports and our genes. yet fresh discoveries approximately how genes paintings have printed a brand new technique to comprehend the developmental origins of our features.

Understanding consciousness : its function and brain processes

Gerd Sommerhoff clarifies the most options with regards to recognition and proposes a brand new and strikingly uncomplicated organic cause of this mysterious phenomenon.

Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

We without difficulty take into accout every type of occasions - from basic occasions like humans jogging to advanced occasions like leaves blowing within the wind. we will be able to additionally bear in mind and describe those occasions, and usually, react accurately to them, for instance, in averting an drawing close item. Our out of the ordinary ease interacting with occasions belies the complexity of the underlying approaches we use to accommodate them.

Elements of Episodic Memory

Parts of Episodic reminiscence used to be a seminal textual content within the reminiscence literature, hugely stated and influential. it's been unavailable for a few years, yet is now again in print as in its unique shape, with this reissue. The booklet examins the serious position that retrieval techniques play in remembering. It proposes that the character of recollective event is determiend via the interplay among the 'episodic' hint info and the 'sematic' retrieval details.

Additional resources for Covert Conditioning

Example text

1965, 3, 253-258. Thorpe, J. , & Castell, D. A comparison of positive and negative (aversive) conditioning in the treatment of homosexuality. Behav. Res. , 1963, 1, 357-362. Wolpe, J. Psychotherapy by reciprocal inhibition. Stanford: Stanford Univer. Press, 1958. Chapter 4 Experimental Control of Sexual Deviation Through Manipulation of the Noxious Scene in Covert Sensitization t David H. Barlow, Harold Leitenberg, and W . Stewart Agras Summary — Pedophilic behavior in one S and homosexual behavior in another S were de­ creased, increased, and once again decreased by introducing, removing, and reintroducing the noxious scene in covert sensitization, a form of aversion therapy.

History of homosexual experiences averaging about three contacts per week, usually in public toilets. He recently had fallen in love with a ''boyfriend," which was Experimental Control 45 threatening his marriage and which motivated him to seek treatment. Sexual relations with his wife, although prevalent early in the marriage, had been virtually nonexistent for the previous 3 yrs. Measures A hierarchy of sexually arousing scenes was constructed. ForSi the hierarchy contained 45 scenes involving small girls.

Agras, Leitenberg, & Barlow, 1968; Leitenberg, Agras, Thomson, & Wright, 1968; Wolf, Birnbrauer, Williams, & Lawler, 1965). In this experiment the aversion therapy studied was covert sensitization (Cautela, 1966). In this procedure, descriptions of extremely noxious scenes are paired with scenes of the undesired behavior. Uncontrolled case studies suggest that covert sensitization may modify sexual deviation. Cautela (1967) treated two homosexuals with this method resulting in reports by the patients of decreases in homosexual behavior, while Davison (1968) treated a case of long-standing sadistic fantasies with a combination of covert sensitization and positive conditioning to heterosexual stimuli and achieved a remission.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.82 of 5 – based on 18 votes