By Harold E. Doweiko
Ideas OF CHEMICAL DEPENDENCY, 7th variation displays the explosion of data in regards to the knowing, identity, and remedy of addictive issues. Doweiko examines the use and abuse of alcohol, tobacco, barbiturates, amphetamines, cocaine, opiates, and hallucinogens, in addition to chemical substances usually passed over of different books -- similar to aerosols, steroids, and over the counter analgesics. also, the textual content investigates stable techniques for operating with consumers, the variations among abusers and addicts; drug results on little ones, youngsters, and pregnant and nursing ladies; and youngsters of alcoholics.
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Additional resources for Concepts of Chemical Dependency (7th Edition)
Tolerance develops over time, as the individual’s body struggles to maintain normal function in spite of the presence of one or more foreign chemicals. Technically, there are several different subforms of tolerance. For this text, we limit our discussion to just two subforms: (a) metabolic tolerance and (b) pharmacodynamic tolerance. Metabolic tolerance develops when the body becomes more effective in biotransforming a chemical into a form that can be easily eliminated from the body. ) The liver is the main organ in which the process of biotransformation is carried out.
The point to remember is that cultural rules provide the individual with a degree of guidance about acceptable/unacceptable substance use. But within each culture, there are various social groups that may adopt the standards of the parent culture to only a limited degree. 2. Individual life goals as helping shape chemical use. Another factor that inﬂuences the individual’s decision to either begin or continue the use of chemicals is whether the use of a speciﬁc drug or drugs is consistent with his or her long-term goals or values.
Repeated efforts to cut back or stop the drug use. 7. Intoxication at inappropriate times (such as at work) or when withdrawal interferes with daily functioning (hangover makes a person too sick to go to work, for example). 8. A reduction in social, occupational, or recreational activities in favor of further substance use. 9. Continuing chemical use even though the individual suffers social, emotional, or physical problems related to drug use. Any combination of four or more of these signs is used to identify the individual who is said to suffer from the “disease” of addiction.