By Catherine Thinus-Blanc (auth.), Paul Ellen, Catherine Thinus-Blanc (eds.)

These volumes characterize the lawsuits of NATO complicated research Institute relating to "Cognitive approaches and Spatial Orientation in Animal and guy" held at La-Baume-les-Aix, Aix-en-Provence, France, in June-July 1985. the inducement underlying this Institute stemmed from the hot advances and curiosity within the difficulties of spatial habit. In Psychology, conventional S-R thoughts have been discovered to be unsatisfactorY for totally accounting for the complexity of spatial habit. Coupled with the decline in such an procedure, has been a resurgence of curiosity in cognitive sorts of recommendations. In Ethology, investigators have started to take advantage of extra subtle equipment for the learn of homing and navigational behaviors. within the basic region of Neuroscience, marked advances were accomplished within the realizing of the neural mechanisms underlying spatial behaviors. and at last, there was a burgeoning curiosity and physique of information about the improvement of spatial habit in people. All of those elements mixed to signify the need of bringing jointly scientists operating in those components with the rationale that any such assembly may well bring about a cross-fertilization of some of the parts. most likely through offering a context during which individuals of a few of the disciplines may well engage, it used to be felt that we'd raise the chance of selecting these similarities and modifications within the strategies and techniques universal to all teams. Such an identity may provide the root for a next interdisciplinary study effort.

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Extra info for Cognitive Processes and Spatial Orientation in Animal and Man: Volume I Experimental Animal Psychology and Ethology

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7 normal and septal rats were tested in the same manner as is used on the traditional 3-table task--that is, the animals were given a 15 min exploratory experience, followed by a brief feeding on one of the tables, and then the test trial. Normal animals had no difficulty with this task, while septals failed. While this difference is of interest, the qualitative character of the animals' behavior during the exploratory period and test trial is of particular interest. Both normals and septals explored the outer pathways of the apparatus twice as frequently as the inner pathways.

Our emphasis on the reorganization of past experiences as being critical in distinguishing intelligent adaptations from those reflecting the mere retrieval from memory of previously acquired information does not make the organism or the task and situation a central element. Rather it characterizes a mechanism which can be tested in a variety of different situations or tasks. By being processoriented rather than species- or task-oriented, it has generality across species and tasks thereby allowing us to determine whether various organisms are capable of such reorganizations of past experience.

However, it is quite a different matter when problem-solving requires that part of one representation and part of another be integra ted. The spontaneous adjustment to a problem situation, involving as it does the reorganization of traces of past experiences, places the problem-solving process then within the context of a perceptual experience rather than within the domain of learning and memory phenomena. While learning and memory phenomena may provide the raw materials with which the problem-solving process operates, that is all such phenomena do.

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