By Norman Segalowitz

Winner of the 2011 Kenneth W. Mildenberger Prize

Exploring fluency from a number of vantage issues that jointly represent a cognitive technology point of view, this ebook examines examine in moment language acquisition and bilingualism that issues to promising avenues for knowing and selling moment language fluency. Cognitive Bases of moment Language Fluency covers crucial issues equivalent to devices of study for measuring fluency, the relation of moment language fluency to normal cognitive fluidity, social and motivational members to fluency, and neural correlates of fluency. The writer presents transparent and available summaries of foundational empirical paintings on speech construction, automaticity, lexical entry, and different problems with relevance to moment language acquisition theory. Cognitive Bases of moment Language Fluency is a helpful reference for students in SLA, cognitive psychology, and language educating, and it will probably additionally function a great textbook for complicated classes in those fields.

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This is because what normally would be assigned to “competence” is constructed or assembled in the course of “performing,” and thus reflects performance considerations in an integral way. In addition, the context in which this assembling takes place is itself not stable and fully independent of the learner as an individual. Rather, the individual and context are coupled (p. 7), and the context changes or adapts to the individual just as the individual adapts to the context. An important point here is that this coupling is not simply a passive interaction between individual and environment; rather, the individual can be seen to be shaping his or her own context (p.

Or the speaker may limit or expand exposure to certain L2 environments. , where ethnolinguistic identity issues are salient). Perhaps, then, one of the hallmarks of L2 fluency is the degree to which the speaker has become an autonomous L2 user (Oxford, 2003), able to navigate through all sorts of communicative environments regardless of the challenges they present and, in the process of doing so, continues to hone the skills necessary to remain a successful linguistic navigator. This idea is discussed further in the final chapter.

Now, over the past several decades many applied linguists have been concerned with identifying a set of critical features of oral production that might be diagnostic of L2 fluency. They have tried to identify aspects of L2 speech that could reliably be associated with fluency, such as speech rate or the way pauses and hesitations are distributed in speech. It was hoped that the availability of such objective indicators would reduce reliance on what some might consider to be less objective methods, such as listener judgments of fluency.

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