By YOSHITSUGU HAYASHI, Tetsuzo Yasunari, Hiroshi Kanzawa, Hirokazu Kato
This ebook is an end result of the symposium “Towards Earth pleasant Use of assets and Energy,” prepared by means of the Nagoya college middle of Excellence software “From Earth process technological know-how to uncomplicated and medical Environmental reviews” and provides papers by way of 4 eminent researchers. 1) Syukuro Manabe, who used to be commemorated in 2008 via the Earth corridor of reputation Kyoto, including Ms. Maathai and Ms. Brundtland, describes the mechanisms of maximum climate, drought, and flood that have been brought on by weather switch as a result of CO2 emissions. 2) Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker, co-chair of the membership of Rome, describes “Factor four and five” innovations similar to technological growth and remodeling socioeconomic structures, e.g. taxation, and stresses the significance of humanity. three) Hans-Peter Dürr, ex-president of the Max Planck Physics Institute as a successor of Heisenberg, explains the mechanism of a residing Earth sustained via amassed power assets supplied by means of the solar. He clarifies some extent on keeping the dynamic balance of minerals and existence in the world. four) Shohei Yonemoto, a widely known political scientist targeting sustainability, explains environmental politics and why the IPCC and UNFCCC framework have been proven in response to precaution rules. He places ahead a brand new thought known as futurology, which considers inhabitants and nutrition difficulties from a Malthusian viewpoint and comprises them into matters comparable to weather switch and common failures. This e-book is written and in line with an easy yet concrete concept and gives the readers with an opportunity to think about the form of destiny Earth.
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Extra info for Climate Change, Energy Use, and Sustainability : Diagnosis and Prescription after the Great East Japan Earthquake
The situation is the same for wind power. Look at the rows of wind turbines in the upper right photo of Fig. 12. Is this what we want Germany to be like in the future? When I was a parliament member, I was involved in establishing the Feed-in Tariff law. But today, complaints are arising about wind turbines. There are also huge hydroelectric dams. The lower left photo of Fig. 12 is a dam in Austria. Mountain climbers complain that the scenery of the Alps has been Fig. 10 CO2 capture and storage (CCS) requires a lot of money.
Kanzawa: There were three Japanese researchers in the GDFL at that time, and all of them were impeccable scientists. Manabe: We worked very hard. All of them quit their jobs in Japan to join the laboratory, and made truly outstanding contributions. I urge more Japanese researchers to go abroad. Even if they cannot succeed in research, by the time they return to Japan they will have improved their English language skills and learned to think differently. Diversity is most important in research. People with different backgrounds come to the United States from various parts of the world, compete and collaborate with each other, and discuss freely.
Just as the ice coverage decreased in Greenland, ice melted in Labrador. Let’s look at the sea level (Fig. 6). The sea level rose by 7 m in Labrador at that time. Although it did not have a big impact because no humans lived in Labrador 7,700 years ago, it caused a large rise in sea level. This is what is going on in Greenland today. 7 shows growth centers in Asia. Asia’s vibrant growth centers are mostly located in coastal areas. So is Nagoya. Fig. 7 Asia’s vibrant growth centers are mostly at the coast!