By Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

The weather swap 2007 volumes of the Fourth overview file of the Intergovernmental Panel on weather swap (IPCC) give you the so much complete and balanced overview of weather swap on hand. This IPCC operating team III quantity is a state of the art evaluate of the clinical, technical, environmental, financial, and social points of the mitigation of weather swap. Written via the world's prime specialists, the IPCC volumes will back turn out to be worthwhile for researchers, scholars, and policymakers, and should shape the traditional reference works for coverage judgements for presidency and world wide.

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Extra resources for Climate Change 2007 - Mitigation of Climate Change: Working Group III contribution to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC (Climate Change 2007)

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2] o Integrating climate policies in broader development policies makes implementation and overcoming barriers easier. o Regulations and standards generally provide some certainty about emission levels. They may be preferable to other instruments when information or other barriers prevent producers and consumers from responding to price signals. However, they may not induce innovations and more advanced technologies. o Taxes and charges can set a price for carbon, but cannot guarantee a particular level of emissions.

Davidson, B. S. Fisher, S. Gupta, K. J. Heij, S. Kahn Ribeiro, S. Kobayashi, M. D. Levine, D. L. Martino, O. Masera, B. Metz, L. A. -J. Nabuurs, A. Najam, N. Nakicenovic, H. -H. Rogner, J. Roy, J. Sathaye, R. Schock, P. Shukla, R. E. H. Sims, P. Smith, D. A. Tirpak, D. Urge-Vorsatz, D. Zhou, 2007: Technical Summary. In: Climate Change 2007: Mitigation. Contribution of Working Group III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [B. Metz, O. R. Davidson, P. R.

They may be preferable to other instruments when information or other barriers prevent producers and consumers from responding to price signals. However, they may not induce innovations and more advanced technologies. o Taxes and charges can set a price for carbon, but cannot guarantee a particular level of emissions. Literature identifies taxes as an efficient way of internalizing costs of GHG emissions. o Tradable permits will establish a carbon price. The volume of allowed emissions determines their environmental effectiveness, while the allocation of permits has distributional consequences.

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