By Ewa Fratczak, Livia Sz. Oláh

This quantity addresses the connection among childbearing, paid paintings and work-life stability guidelines throughout Europe within the twenty first century, illuminating the uncertainty and chance on the topic of insecure labour strength attachment, the incoherence of women's and men's entry to schooling and employment and the unequal percentage of household obligations.

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Extra resources for Childbearing, Women’s Employment and Work-Life Balance Policies in Contemporary Europe

Sample text

7, maternal employment has become more and more accepted (or less and less questioned) across Europe over the past decades. Among the countries studied here, it is viewed most positively by women and men in Sweden and by French women, while Polish as well as Hungarian women and men, and men in Germany remain the most sceptical. Women in Germany have similar attitudes as men in France in this question. This cross-country pattern observed here provides indications with respect to the concept of incoherence in the country chapters, which has turned out to be highly relevant for four out of the five countries studied.

Oláh 37 to Swedish family policy measures (Hoem and Hoem, 1996; Oláh and Bernhardt, 2008). 2 Policy measures promoting work–life balance A programme of major importance that enables (prospective) parents in Sweden to combine work and family responsibilities is the parental leave scheme. Since 1962, mothers were entitled to a paid leave for six months at the birth of a child. In 1974 the leave became gender neutral; mothers and fathers could share six months to care for their children at home while receiving a generous benefit at the level of 90 per cent of their previous wage, and thereafter return to their previous job or its equivalent.

Castles, F. G. (2003) ‘The World Turned Upside Down. Below Replacement Fertility: Changing Preferences and Family Friendly Public Policy in 21 OECD Countries’, Journal of European Social Policy, 13(3), 209–227. Dorbritz, J. (2008) ‘Germany: Family Diversity with Low Actual and Desired Fertility’, Demographic Research (Special Collection 7), 19(17), 557–598. Engelhardt, H. (2004) ‘Fertility Intentions and Preferences: Effect of Structural and Financial Incentives and Constraints in Austria’, Vienna Institute of Demography Working Papers, Austrian Academy of Sciences, VID Working Paper 02/2004.

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