By Sonya Michel, Rianne Mahon

No matter if childcare is noticeable as a part of society's academic coverage, welfare coverage, or employment coverage impacts not just its shape and content material but additionally its public photograph. The members during this quantity use present polices for the care of babies and preschool young ones to research debates and music the emergence of latest nation welfare practices throughout a number of social and political configurations-and supply a few conclusions approximately which equipment paintings the easiest.

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Here our approach parallels Esping-Andersen’s earlier (1985) work when he sought to assess why some outcom es were more favorable for class equality (and working-class 24 Introduction power) by analyzing the relative strength of w orkers’ and em ployers’ organizations. Like O ’Connor, Orloff, and Shaver (1999) and Bergqvist et al. (1999), we argue that the relative strength and strategic orientation of feminists is important, if not decisive, to the outcome. 27. An integrationist perspective sees universal child care as contributing to social cohe­ sion “uniting families of all social strata and cultural origins in common activités related to the well-being of their children and by demonstrating that cooperation among racial groups and social classes is possible and valued” (Friendly 1997, 5).

6 The early postwar era was also a moment of (re)emergence for women’s move­ ments in Japan. ” They sought to connect politics and the kitchen by focusing on promoting better family life and, in the context of postwar social and economic reconstruction, they worked ac­ tively in conjunction with the state to promote economic nationalism and maintain stable family life (Garon 1997). A good example of such collaborative relationships between women’s groups and the state was the New Life Campaign (Shin Seikatsu Undo), the aim of which was to “build a new Japan” through such activities as pro­ moting personal savings and supporting the state’s national reconstruction efforts.

In the Kremer and Jenson chapters, these are subnational arrangements in the form o f the Flemish half of the Belgian state and Quebec, a distinct regim e within the broader “liberal” Canadian welfare state. References Becker, Gary. 1981. y4 Treatise on the Family. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press. Bergqvist, Christina, Anette Borchorst, Ann-Dorte Christensen, Nina Raanen, Viveca Ramstedt-Silen, and Audur Styrkarsdôttir. 1999. Equal Democracies: Gender and Politics in the Nordic Countries.

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