By Kathy Wilson Peacock

Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering expertly explains why biotechnology is a correct and unstable factor. half I starts with a background of biotechnology and its influence on agriculture, medication, and the surroundings. the second one bankruptcy specializes in the U.S., with emphasis on contemporary growth and new purposes. equivalent time is spent discussing the efforts of human rights advocates, animal rights advocates, and environmentalists to create definitive governmental rules for this budding undefined. The 3rd bankruptcy appears at how biotechnology has impacted the area, supplying case reports of its historical past and present function in Japan, India, Germany, and South Africa. half II attracts jointly major U.S. and foreign basic resource records and half III gathers precious study instruments.

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Extra resources for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (Global Issues)

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The Roman Catholic Church has published statements outlining its position against cloning and cautions against biotechnology. ”40 GM food, however, is condoned by the Catholic Church as a way to feed those most vulnerable to starvation and malnutrition in the world. Protestant denominations have similar views. The Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA), for example, endorses biotechnology in general but opposes research that creates human embryos for the purpose of destroying them. It acknowledges that scientific progress may reach the point where cloning is an acceptable practice and is in the process of developing a statement on genetics.

20 As the number of IVF births rose, the procedure gained acceptance. 21 Several years after the first successful IVF, genetic engineering made preimplantation genetic selection (PGS) possible. This process tests embryos for genetic diseases such as Down syndrome, Tay-Sachs, and cystic fibrosis before they are implanted into a woman’s womb. 22 While PGS is fairly uncontroversial when used to test for serious diseases, it can also be used to test for gender and tissue matching, which is of greater ethical concern.

A retrovirus is a type of virus that contains RNA instead of DNA. It replicates by using the enzyme reverse transcriptase to change its RNA into DNA. The DNA then integrates itself into the host genome. The virus then continues to replicate via the host’s DNA. Human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, is a retrovirus, and so are some types of leukemia. Antiretroviral drugs combat retroviruses, but because retroviruses mutate quickly and often, antiretroviral drug therapy usually involves taking several medications at once in high doses.

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