By Katherine Clarke
The Roman empire extensively affected geographical conceptions, evoking new methods of describing the earth and of creating its heritage. This booklet explores the writings of 3 literary figures of the age--Polybius, Posidonius, and Strabo--and how they used and reworked pre-existing Greek traditions so that it will describe the recent international of Rome.
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Extra resources for Between Geography and History: Hellenistic Constructions of the Roman World (Oxford Classical Monographs)
T . 94S). 35· T h e publication date of this work makes it remarkable that the explicit and implicit prejudices underlying its arguments were not opposed at the time. 72 C. Glacken, Traces on the Rhodian Shore: Nature and Culture in Western Thought from Ancient Times to the End of the Eighteenth Century (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1967), 103. 69 But the view that ancient authors used geography only as a setting for history is commonly held. Even of Herodotus' Histories, in which geography and history literally progress together, it has been said that 'geography provides the physical background, the stage setting, in relation to which historical events take on meaning'.
1 0 2 T h e author announces that he will start at the Pillar of Hercules on the European side and 100 T h e idea of narratives being 'emplotted' so as to lead to certain expectations and 'the sense of an ending' is discussed in detail by Ricoeur, 'Narrative Time'. Plot, according to Ricoeur, imposes on mere succession an episodic dimension and pattern, which lead to the sense of ending. I recall Starr, 'Historical and Philosophical T i m e ' , on the patterned nature of history, as opposed to a strict chronological succession (See above, p.
Dewald, 'Narrative Surface and Authorial Voice in Herodotus' Histories', Arethusa, 20 (1987), 147-70· 88 J. Marincola, 'Herodotean Narrative and the Narrator's Presence', Arethusa, 20 (1987), 121-38. 89 T h e opposite view of self-representation in historical texts is taken by J. J. Winkler, ' T h e Mendacity of Kalasiris and the Narrative Strategy of M o d e r n geographers have recently set out formally the problem of authorial presence or absence. It was long traditional for geographers to absent themselves from their texts in an attempt to appear to give the definitive account of a region, partly in reaction to preceding value-laden colonial accounts, in which the invariably superior cultural viewpoint of the conquerors was firmly written into the text.