By Nelson Cowan

For many years, the elemental methods underlying reminiscence and a spotlight were understood inside of an "information processing" framework during which details passes from one processing level to a different, best finally to a reaction. extra lately, although, the try and construct a basic theoretical framework for info processing has been principally supplanted in want of 2 more moderen methods: parallel/connectionist versions of processing and direct investigations of mind functionality. In Attention and Memory, cognitive psychologist Nelson Cowan reconciles theoretical conflicts within the literature to offers an immense, analytical replace of the normal information-processing technique through enhancing it to include the previous few a long time of analysis on reminiscence, realization, and mind functioning. all through, the writer cogently considers and eventually refutes fresh demanding situations to the basic assumption of the life of detailed temporary reminiscence and selective awareness colleges. He additionally attracts a brand new contrast among reminiscence strategies working in and out of the point of interest of consciousness. Coherent and balanced, the e-book deals a clearer realizing of the way reminiscence and a spotlight function jointly, and the way either services are produced through mind strategies. it is going to be welcomed by way of scholars and researchers in cognitive psychology.

Show description

Read Online or Download Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework PDF

Best cognitive books

The Developing Genome: An Introduction to Behavioral Epigenetics

Why can we develop as much as glance, act, and believe as we do? via many of the 20th century, scientists and laypeople responded this question by way of touching on components on my own: our reviews and our genes. yet contemporary discoveries approximately how genes paintings have printed a brand new approach to comprehend the developmental origins of our features.

Understanding consciousness : its function and brain processes

Gerd Sommerhoff clarifies the most recommendations concerning attention and proposes a brand new and strikingly basic organic reason for this mysterious phenomenon.

Understanding Events: From Perception to Action

We easily have in mind all kinds of occasions - from basic occasions like humans jogging to advanced occasions like leaves blowing within the wind. we will be able to additionally take into accout and describe those occasions, and as a rule, react correctly to them, for instance, in averting an impending item. Our extraordinary ease interacting with occasions belies the complexity of the underlying tactics we use to accommodate them.

Elements of Episodic Memory

Components of Episodic reminiscence was once a seminal textual content within the reminiscence literature, hugely mentioned and influential. it's been unavailable for a few years, yet is now again in print as in its unique shape, with this reissue. The publication examins the severe function that retrieval strategies play in remembering. It proposes that the character of recollective adventure is determiend via the interplay among the 'episodic' hint details and the 'sematic' retrieval info.

Additional resources for Attention and Memory: An Integrated Framework

Sample text

We should not be overly concerned with a particular graphic representation, but with what is represented. One shortcoming with the graphic representation of Cowan (1988) is that it does not reflect the possibly continuous nature of the distinction between items in vs. out of the focus of attention, and in vs. out of the activated area. It also appears to imply that all of the material that is activated is coherent, but in reality it might be represented by several disjunctive areas within long-term memory.

Specifically, in Sperling's (1960) partial report procedure, an array of characters was presented and a partial report cue allowed one row of the array to be read off before the brief afterimage faded. Adaptations of Sperling's procedure with stimuli in the auditory modality (Darwin, Turvey, & Crowder, 1972; Treisman & Rostron, 1972; Rostron, 1974) ended up indexing the longer, more processed phase of sensory storage (see Massaro, 1976). They did so with a much smaller number of stimuli per array, and the level of performance that was attained does not necessarily indicate that an unlimited number of items can be contained in that longer phase of storage.

The model also does not graphically represent the likely possibility that attention also acts by inhibiting elements of long-term memory, giving them a higher threshold of activation than they ordinarily would have in a neutral, resting level of background activity (Neill, 1977; Carr & Dagenbach, 1990; Neumann & DeSchepper, 1991; Tipper, 1992). Finally, the model appears to imply that processing progresses from left to right, from stimulus to response without feedback; but that would be an unfounded conclusion to draw with respect to this model.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.63 of 5 – based on 7 votes