By Carina Hoorn, Frank Wesselingh
The ebook specializes in geological background because the serious consider deciding on the current biodiversity and landscapes of Amazonia. the several using mechanisms for panorama evolution are explored via reviewing the background of the Amazonian Craton, the linked sedimentary basins, and the position of mountain uplift and weather swap.
This ebook provdes an perception into the Meso- and Cenozoic checklist of Amazonia that used to be characterised through fluvial and long-lived lake structures and a hugely assorted natural world. This fauna contains giants similar to the ca. 12 m lengthy caiman Purussaurus, but in addition a diversified fish fauna and fragile molluscs, when fossil pollen and spores shape relics of ancestral swamps and rainforests.
ultimately, a evaluation the molecular datasets of the trendy Amazonian rainforest and aquatic atmosphere, discussing the prospective family among the starting place of Amazonian species range and the palaeogeographic, palaeoclimatic and palaeoenvironmental evolution of northern South the US. The multidisciplinary strategy in comparing the historical past of Amazonia has led to a finished quantity that gives novel insights into the evolution of this region.Content:
Chapter One creation: Amazonia, panorama and Species Evolution (pages 1–6): Carina Hoorn and Frank P. Wesselingh
Chapter Geological Evolution of the Amazonian Craton (pages 7–28): Salomon B. Kroonenberg and Emond W. F. de Roever
Chapter 3 The Paleozoic Solimoes and Amazonas Basins and the Acre Foreland Basin of Brazil (pages 29–37): Joaquim Ribeiro Wanderley?Filho, Jaime Fernandes Eiras, Paulo Roberto da Cruz Cunha and Paulus H. van der Ven
Chapter 4 Tectonic background of the Andes and Sub?Andean Zones: Implications for the improvement of the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 38–60): Andres Mora, Patrice child, Martin Roddaz, Mauricio Parra, Stephane Brusset, Wilber Hermoza and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter 5 Cenozoic Sedimentary Evolution of the Amazonian Foreland Basin method (pages 61–88): Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza, Andres Mora, Patrice child, Mauricio Parra, Frederic Christophoul, Stephane Brusset and Nicolas Espurt
Chapter Six The Nazca Ridge and Uplift of the Fitzcarrald Arch: Implications for nearby Geology in Northern South the United States (pages 89–100): Nicolas Espurt, Patrice child, Stephane Brusset, Martin Roddaz, Wilber Hermoza and Jocelyn Barbarand
Chapter Seven The Amazonian Craton and its effect on earlier Fluvial structures (Mesozoic?Cenozoic, Amazonia) (pages 101–122): Carina Hoorn, Martin Roddaz, Rodolfo Dino, Emilio Soares, Cornelius Uba, Diana Ochoa?Lozano and Russell Mapes
Chapter eight the advance of the Amazonian Mega?Wetland (Miocene; Brazil, Colombia, Peru, Bolivia) (pages 123–142): Carina Hoorn, Frank P. Wesselingh, Jussi Hovikoski and Javier Guerrero
Chapter nine Marine impression in Amazonia: facts from the Geological list (pages 143–161): Jussi Hovikoski, Frank P. Wesselingh, Matti Rasanen, Murray Gingras and Hubert B. Vonhof
Chapter 10 Megafan Environments in Northern South the United States and their influence on Amazon Neogene Aquatic Ecosystems (pages 162–184): M. Justin Wilkinson, Larry G. Marshall, John G. Lundberg and Mikhail H. Kreslavsky
Chapter eleven Long?Term panorama improvement strategies in Amazonia (pages 185–197): Georg Irion and Risto Kalliola
Chapter Twelve weather edition in Amazonia through the Neogene and the Quaternary (pages 199–210): Hubert B. Vonhof and Ron J.G. Kaandorp
Chapter 13 Modelling the reaction of Amazonian weather to the Uplift of the Andean Mountain diversity (pages 211–222): Pierre Sepulchre, Lisa C. Sloan and Frederic Fluteau
Chapter Fourteen glossy Andean Rainfall version in the course of ENSO Cycles and its influence at the Amazon Drainage Basin (pages 223–241): Bodo Bookhagen and Manfred R. Strecker
Chapter 15 A evaluate of Tertiary Mammal Faunas and Birds from Western Amazonia (pages 243–258): Francisco Ricardo Negri, Jean Bocquentin?Villanueva, Jorge Ferigolo and Pierre?Olivier Antoine
Chapter sixteen Neogene Crocodile and Turtle Fauna in Northern South the US (pages 259–280): Douglas Riff, Pedro Seyferth R. Romano, Gustavo Ribeiro Oliveira and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 17 The Amazonian Neogene Fish Fauna (pages 281–301): John G. Lundberg, Mark H. Sabaj Perez, Wasila M. Dahdul and Orangel A. Aguilera
Chapter 18 Amazonian Aquatic Invertebrate Faunas (Mollusca, Ostracoda) and their improvement during the last 30 Million Years (pages 302–316): Frank P. Wesselingh and Maria?Ines F. Ramos
Chapter 19 The starting place of the fashionable Amazon Rainforest: Implications of the Palynological and Palaeobotanical list (pages 317–334): Carlos Jaramillo, Carina Hoorn, Silane A. F. Silva, Fatima Leite, Fabiany Herrera, Luis Quiroz, Rodolfo Dino and Luzia Antonioli
Chapter 20 Biotic improvement of Quaternary Amazonia: A Palynological standpoint (pages 335–345): Hermann Behling, Mark Bush and Henry Hooghiemstra
Chapter 21 Contribution of present and historic strategies to styles of Tree variety and Composition of the Amazon (pages 347–359): Hans ter Steege
Chapter 22 Composition and variety of Northwestern Amazonian Rainforests in a Geoecological Context (pages 360–372): Joost F. Duivenvoorden and Alvaro J. Duque
Chapter 23 Diversification of the Amazonian plants and its Relation to key Geological and Environmental occasions: A Molecular point of view (pages 373–385): R. Toby Pennington and Christopher W. Dick
Chapter 24 Molecular reviews and Phylogeography of Amazonian Tetrapods and their Relation to Geological and Climatic types (pages 386–404): Alexandre Antonelli, Adrian Quijada?Mascarenas, Andrew J. Crawford, John M. Bates, Paul M. Velazco and Wolfgang Wuster
Chapter 25 Molecular Signatures of Neogene Biogeographical occasions within the Amazon Fish Fauna (pages 405–417): Nathan R. Lovejoy, Stuart C. Willis and James S. Albert
Chapter 26 at the starting place of Amazonian Landscapes and Biodiversity: A Synthesis (pages 419–431): Frank P. Wesselingh, Carina Hoorn, Salomon B. Kroonenberg, Alexandre Antonelli, John G. Lundberg, Hubert B. Vonhof and Henry Hooghiemstra
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Extra info for Amazonia: Landscape and Species Evolution: A look into the past
Map details derived from Schobbenhaus & Bellizzia (2001), Gibbs & Barron (1993) and Tohver et al. (2004a). B. F. de Roever (2009) - Design by GeoMedia (7242). See Plate 7 for a colour version of this ﬁgure. sedimentary basins, and cratonic sediments often have a specific provenance fingerprint when compared with those from the other major source, the Andes (Franzinelli & Potter 1983; Potter 1994; see also Chapter 7). Past and present relief and drainage patterns in the craton not only reflect major uplift and subsidence events, but also minute differences in the susceptibility of specific lithologies to weathering and erosion.
P. Wesselingh Amazon and how many of them will go extinct? PNAS 105, 11498–11504. , Mora, G. (2006) Cenozoic plant diversity in the Neotropics. Science 311, 1893–1896. , Flores-Paitan, S. (eds) (1998) Geoecologia y desarrollo Amazonico: estudio integrado en la zona de Iquitos, Peru. Annales Universitatis Turkuensis, A II, 114, 544 pp. W. (eds) (1993) Amazonia Peruana, Vegetación Humeda Tropical en el Llano Subandino. Turku: University of Turku. , Martin, P. (1998) Marine incursions into South America.
Mol Ecol 17, 2722–-2729. , Yli-Halla, M. (2007) Are floristic and edaphic patterns in Amazonian rain forests congruent for trees, pteridophytes and Melastomataceae? J Trop Ecol 23, 13–25. , Niemelä P. et al. (1986) River dynamics and the diversity of Amazon lowland forest. Nature 322, 254–258. Sioli, H. ) (1984) The Amazon: Limnology and Landscape Ecology of a Mighty Tropical River and its Basin. Dordrecht, Boston, Hingham, MA: W. Junk. D. (1985) The Great American Biotic Interchange. Topics in Biogeology, vol.