By Peter K. J. Park
A old research of the exclusion of Africa and Asia from smooth histories of philosophy.
In this provocative historiography, Peter ok. J. Park presents a penetrating account of a vital interval within the improvement of philosophy as a tutorial self-discipline. in the course of those many years, a variety of ecu philosophers encouraged through Immanuel Kant started to formulate the historical past of philosophy as a march of growth from the Greeks to Kant—a family tree that supplanted latest money owed starting in Egypt or Western Asia and at a time while ecu curiosity in Sanskrit and Persian literature was once flourishing. now not with out debate, those traditions have been finally deemed outdoors the scope of philosophy and relegated to the examine of faith. Park uncovers this debate and recounts the advance of an exclusionary canon of philosophy within the a long time of the past due eighteenth and early 19th centuries. To what quantity was once this exclusion of Africa and Asia because of the the scientization of philosophy? To what quantity was once it as a result racism?
This booklet comprises the main broad description to be had anyplace of Joseph-Marie de Gérando’s Histoire comparée des systèmes de philosophie, Friedrich Schlegel’s lectures at the historical past of philosophy, Friedrich Ast’s and Thaddä Anselm Rixner’s systematic integration of Africa and Asia into the background of philosophy, and the controversy among G. W. F. Hegel and the theologian August Tholuck over “pantheism.”
“Africa, Asia, and the historical past of Philosophy is a great addition to a overlooked region within the background of principles. Philosophy has lengthy suffered from exclusions that retain us from totally appreciating the contributions to our box from Africa and Asia. Park’s booklet uncovers a few of the resources of philosophy’s exclusionary practices. The historic aspect is impressive.” — Elizabeth Millán, writer of Friedrich Schlegel and the Emergence of Romantic Philosophy
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Additional info for Africa, Asia, and the History of Philosophy. Racism in the Formation of the Philosophical Canon, 1780–1830
It was a remarkable stroke of originality. ”11 De Gérando viewed the comparative history of philosophy as an empirical-analytical or observational science not different from natural history. He regarded comparative analysis as taking the place of experimentation and calculation, which, in the case of either natural or philosophical history, was not possible. ”12 One will recall that, in the late seventeenth century, Daniel Morhof saw himself as realizing Bacon’s vision of a universal history of letters that would document the arts and sciences of all epochs and regions of the world; their antiquity, progress, demise, and restoration as well as the circumstances of their invention.
Contra Grohmann, Tennemann held that chronology is essential to every kind of history, including the history of philosophy. ”128 Contra Reinhold, who had argued that the history of philosophy had nothing to do with events in time and space, Tennemann held a heterodox position. He stated that events in the history of philosophy related both internally to human consciousness and externally to the world. ” “There is thus an internal and external connection among events in time. 136 Tennemann thus reasoned that the idea of science is at the same time an ideal of science, but in this case, the events relating to that science, taken together, constitute a history whose course runs from what is consummate in philosophy to what is defective.
The Kantian School 13 inaugurated a movement in the writing of history of philosophy that would span the rest of the decade and spill into the nineteenth century. As never before, German university philosophers would explicitly discuss the concept, content, form, purpose, method, scope, types, and value of the history of philosophy. Greater space was allotted to the discussion of these themes in the introductions and prefaces to a growing number of student handbooks on the history of philosophy as well as full-scale works on the same.