By Alton Meister

Advances in Enzymology and similar components of Molecular Biology is a seminal sequence within the box of biochemistry, providing researchers entry to authoritative reports of the most recent discoveries in all parts of enzymology and molecular biology. those landmark volumes date again to 1941, offering an unequalled view of the old improvement of enzymology. The sequence bargains researchers the newest knowing of enzymes, their mechanisms, reactions and evolution, roles in advanced organic procedure, and their program in either the laboratory and undefined. every one quantity within the sequence positive factors contributions by way of prime pioneers and investigators within the box from world wide. All articles are conscientiously edited to make sure thoroughness, caliber, and clarity.

With its wide variety of issues and lengthy ancient pedigree, Advances in Enzymology and similar components of Molecular Biology can be utilized not just by way of scholars and researchers in molecular biology, biochemistry, and enzymology, but in addition by way of any scientist drawn to the invention of an enzyme, its houses, and its functions.

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Am. Chem. ,64,2124(1932). 24. , 41, 752 (1908). 25. , Bwchem. , 982, 88 (1935). 26. Bremner, J. , Research (London),1, 281 (1948). 27. Brues, A. ,and Barron, E. S. , Ann. Rev. , 90,343(1951). 28. , in Advances i n Enzymology, Vol. XIV, Interscience, New YorkLondon, 1953,p. 1. 29. , Natunoiesenschaften, 33,94 (1946). 30. , in Physical Biochemistry, Wiley, New York, 1943. 31. ,Bwchim. et Biophys. Acta, 8, 114 (1952). 32. Cahill, A. , J. Am. Chem. , 73,2847(1951). 33. , Gazz. chim. , 79,38 (1942).

We may calculate from the equilibrium constants that the redox potential of the coenzyme due to this preferential adsorption is 15 mv more negative a t the surface. In this particular case the change in E: would not be decisive in determining the range of compounds which may be reduced or oxidized by the enzyme. However, the effect may be more profound in other cases. For example, the ratio of -SH to 44- compounds in a surface may be widely different from that in the bulk phase (39). Indeed, some oxidoreductions will occur only a t an interface, as in the autoxidation of linseed oil catalyzed by hemin.

TABLE I. CLASSIFICATION OF ENZYME MODELS (162) MEICHANISM OF ENZYMIC OXIDOREDUCTION 23 A. INORGANIC MODELS The analogies between the catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide by colloidal platinum and by catalase were pointed out aa early as 1836 by Berzelius. Bredig justified the use of his term “inorganic enzyme” by showing that, like catalase, platinum and similar colloids had a comparable activity which showed a pH maximum, were inhibited by excw hydrogen peroxide, and were poisoned reversibly by traces of HCN and irreversibly by mercury.

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