By Toril Aalberg

This paintings offers a comparative research of public ideals approximately social justice. What can clarify the cross-national diversifications, and if critiques do switch over the years, why is that this so? this article will be of curiosity to these drawn to the connection among public opinion and political elite.

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Additional resources for Achieving Justice: Comparative Public Opinions on Income Distribution (International Comparative Social Studies) (International Comparative Social Studies)

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So different scholars not only argue over the normative basis of the principles of distributive justice but there has also been a controversy over how many principles of justice exist. Some theorists argue that there is only one norm of distribution (Walster, Walster & Berscheid 1978). Others have stressed that there are two (Sampson 1975) or three (Deutsch 1975, 1985, Mikula 1980,    :    23 Torgersen 1996) general principles of distributive justice, while Reis (1984) seems to hold the record, after he identified 17 different principles of distribution.

How do the public respond to changes in inequality over time and are their attitudes and values adjusted accordingly? Are attitudes different from ideals, in that policy attitudes change more rapidly than ideals? Chapter 7 examines beliefs about wages and earning inequalities. Why are some earnings considered more just than others and is the notion of fair earnings affected by perception of reality? In Chapter 8 the policy to be examined is that of taxation and redistribution of income. An important question is of course whether the public supports redistributive policies, but equally important is the intention to investigate whether public support varies according to the tax load in the country or if different welfare regimes have different acceptance levels?

Prior differences between the sexes and races will diminish. But as women and blacks are becoming more fully integrated into the prevailing class structure, differences will increase within that structure. Those who fall behind will experience much more keenly the phenomenon of relative deprivation (1990, 229). Because the socialdemocratic welfare state provides services to a more universalistic range of citizens, this regime type will receive support not only from the worst off but also from the middle classes.

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